The monochord zither with one resonator survived until now in Cambodia. It is the eldest string instrument certified in the country since 7th century. It was named “kanjan” in Old Khmer. Today, it is known as “kse diev” in modern Khmer. Made of local red wood, buffalo horn, copper, calabash, brass for the string. From the pre-Angkorian period, rare bas-reliefs and texts offer us a various range of musical instruments commonly used in the temples. The monochord zither, harp, lute, flute, cymbals, hourglass and barrel drums, supported the dance to entertain gods.
All of these ancient musical instruments are exhibited in the Ancient pavilion of Theam’s Gallery.